Half of the companies have raised wages and 56% have made layoffs


Job offers have increased by 25.31% in 2022 compared to the previous year, with employment levels that had not been seen since before the 2008 crisis, and before 2023 that will also be marked by growth, although not as robust , according to the report ‘Infoempleo Adecco: Supply and Demand for Employment in Spain’ by Infoempleo and Grupo Adecco.

The study points out that the job offer in Spain has not been very equitable, since 56.21% of the total job offer has been concentrated in the Community of Madrid (23.55% of all job offers). employment), Catalonia (22.24%) and Andalusia (10.42%), although of the three, only Madrid and Catalonia have increased their contribution.

Behind them is the Basque Country, which accounts for 7.69% of the job offer, after dropping four tenths year-on-year; while the Valencian Community closes the ‘top 5’ this year, with 7.46% of vacancies, values ​​similar to those of last year.

Among the regions that have generated less employment, is Asturias, with 1.10% of the total offers; Islas Baleares (1.04%) and La Rioja, with less than one percentage point (0.96%) of the total.

If the behavior of the job offer is observed within each autonomous community and not based on the national total, the Balearic Islands obtained the greatest increase in the number of published offers compared to 2021, exactly 39.32% more.

After it, Catalonia experiences the second highest growth in its offer, with 21.22% year-on-year, and in third place, Navarra, with 16.96% more vacancies than in 2021.

On the other hand, the greatest setback in the number of published vacancies has been experienced by Galicia, where 18.43% fewer offers have been published. After it, the greatest falls have occurred in Asturias (-15.60%) and Extremadura (-13.91%).

The services sector is the one that has offered the most jobs in 2022, with 8.97% of the total, which implies 2.60 percentage points more than the previous year, mainly due to the good evolution of the service industry. leisure and entertainment, and also companies related to the areas of quality, environment, foreign trade and transport.

It is followed by freight transport and logistics, with 7.36% of the total, 0.19 percentage points less than the previous year, and Retail trade and distribution, with 6.36% of the total, which means 1.64 points. percentage less than the previous year.

On the other hand, Health has led the most important drop, dropping 3.11 percentage points to stay with 6.32% of the offers, accompanied by the industrial sector, with 2.24 percentage points less, up to 4.42 % and insurance, with 1.2 percentage points less, up to 3.24%.

Only 35.8% of the companies consulted have seen their productivity altered by inflation and the economic uncertainty experienced during the last year, while 54.3% affirm that it has not influenced them, and 9.9% maintain that They have even increased it.

However, it has affected wages, according to 65.6% of the companies. Thus, 49.7% of the companies consulted say that they have had to increase them, while 15.89% have reduced them.

Among the reasons for the salary increase are, in 60.3% of the cases, the decrease in Social Security contributions, in 58.9% the productivity achieved by the employees, and in 29.1% obtaining more profiles skilled.

Likewise, among the companies consulted, 56.3% were forced to make layoffs during 2022, in 33.3% of the cases it was due to the economic situation and the decrease in income, where the sectors that collected the most layoffs were engineering and production (31.8%), commercial and sales (30.3%), administration and general services (24.2%), customer service (24.2%) and purchases, logistics and transport (7.6% ).

On the other hand, 60.4% of the self-employed say that their turnover has been reduced due to uncertainty and inflation, while in 30.7% of the cases it has remained stable, and only 8.85 % has increased their income.

Despite this, only 17.7% of the self-employed consulted have had to resort to the benefit for cessation of activity during the past financial year.

Likewise, 82.3% of the self-employed say that they have not had to make layoffs, compared to 17.7% who have. Of this last group, the highest percentage (42.9%) indicates that it has affected more than half of its workforce.

39.1% of workers have not had a salary increase in 2022, while 37.8% confirm that they have received a salary increase, but below the CPI, and 23.1% had a raise equal to or higher than the CPI.

Likewise, with respect to overtime, 53% of the workers surveyed confirm that during the past year they worked more hours than their working hours indicated, where 31.1% worked up to 50 overtime hours and 10.1% exceeded the 400 extra hours, an effort that almost four out of ten say was not rewarded with breaks or money.